History of Mustafabad Tankaria


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Mustafabad Tankaria – History

Second Edition: 2014

(First Edition published in 2007, on www.tankaria.wetpaint.com).

Tankaria is the village in the Bharuch District of Gujarat State, India. Tankaria is the land of the great brotherhood. Nearly to the mid of the twentieth century, the village was famous for its cotton growing farmers and its business-people. Many Tankarvis took an active part in the freedom movement of India.

Tankaria has produced many Primary and High School Teachers, Doctors, Engineers, Pharmacists, Building Contractors, Skilled Technicians, Businessmen, Government Officials, Writers, Poets, Politicians and, Social Workers. Tankaria has also produced remarkable numbers of Islamic Scholars. Tankaria has produced few University Professors, College Lecturers, Lawyers,  Land Surveyors and Chartered Accountants. Tankarvis working as primary school teachers can find everywhere in cities and villages in Bharuch and its neighboring districts. Tankaria is widely known for its Primary School Teachers, Businessmen and, Poets. Among Bharuchi Vahora Patel Community, Tankarvis are famous for their best hospitality and friendly nature.

Many Tankarvis settled in Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, and Mumbai. Few Tankarvis also settled elsewhere in Gujarat. Outside India Tankarvis mainly settled in the UK, USA, Canada, South Africa, Zambia and other African countries. Some Tankarvis also settled for employment or business in countries like Saudi Arabia, Qatar, UAE, Kuwait, Oman, Mauritius, Reunion Island, and New Zealand.

The name of the village was Mustafabad, later on, it was renamed as Tankaria. (After 1453 CE & Before 1583 CE. Please refer Page 05 for more details).

Currently, this Mustafabad Tankaria – History Book is divided into 04 Parts. (More parts will be added in future editions. We will also add Chapters under each part with contributor’s name). 

Part 01. Recorded History of Mustafabad Tankaria: Edited By : Nasirhusen Ahmed Lotiya.

Part 02. Oral History (Oral Tradition) : Edited By : Nasirhusen Ahmed Lotiya & Mustak Suleman Daula

Part 03. Tankaria and Tankarvis :  Edited By : Nasirhusen Ahmed Lotiya

Part 04. Tankaria History (Another Perspective): Edited By : Shakil Abdullah Bha.

Notes  from editors: Our intention of publishing Mustafabad Tankaria-History Book is to prevent our village history being destroyed physically and morally and lost forever. We have forgotten how to tell a story to our kids so there is a reason to afraid our village history will be forgotten forever. If you think our recorded history will help generations to come please share your knowledge related to village history.  All contributions will be published with contributor’s name.

Part 01 : Recorded History of Mustafabad Tankaria

        edited By: Nasirusen Ahmed Lotiya

Mustafabad's Jam-e-masjid
Mustafabad Jam-e-masjid-Photo courtesy : Tankaria wetpaint

History of Mustafad Jam-e-Masjid recorded on Epigraph

There is an Epigraph/ Inscription affixed to the wall of the historical Jam-e-Masjid. The inscription is in the Arabic language. Inscription of Jam-e-Masjid happens to be the earliest record that has come so far to our notice related to our village history. This inscription translated in the Urdu language in October 1964. Translation wrote in Gujarati script on a piece of marble that is also affixed to the wall of Jam-e-Masjid.

Translation in English is as below.

“Masjid is for the prayer to Allah so do not worship any other than Allah. The Prophet said, “Whoever builds a Masjid of Allah, Allah builds for him a house in paradise.” Mustafabad Jam-e-Masjid built during the ruling period of the Emperor Qutub Abu’l Muzaffar Ahmed Shah, by the grace of Allah. Masjid built following the request of the leader of young Saiyyad Atau’llah Raja honoured with title Sharafu’l- Mulk and the efforts of Qaziyul- Mashaikh. Masjid was ready for the use on 09 Rabi- Al- Awwal, 857 Hijri.”

Note: Mustafabad Jam-e- masjid is in the center of the village near the main marketplace (Bazaar).

History of Mustafabad Jam-e-Masjid in authentic records

History of Mustafabad Jam-e- Masjid recorded in the following authentic/Government records.

(1) Indian Archaeology- Edition 1972-73, Page 48.

(2) Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India. Edition-1978, Page 48.

(3) Epigraphic Resources in Gujarat- Page 19.

It is recorded in the Archaeological Survey of India on page 48 of Edition- 1978 as below.


“As Inscription of the Sultans of Gujarat, District Broach, a slightly damaged record from Tankaria, District Broach, records the construction of the Jami’ mosque of the town of Mustafabad by Sayyid ‘Atau’llah Raja Husaini, entitled Sharafu’l-Mulk at the instance of Qutbu’d-Din Ahmed Shah-II.”

Jam-e-Masjid with beautiful, tall and distinguished architectural minaret, its beautiful arches and having a bigger prayer area also proves that there must be enough Muslims in this village in 1453 CE so that the ruling authorities have shown their interest to build this beautiful historical Jam-e-Masjid. Also, name Mustafabad itself give us the confidence to prove that the inhabitants of this village must be Muslims during the construction period of this masjid in 1453 CE

Facts related to Mustafabad Jam-e- Masjid

(1) Construction of Jam-e-Masjid completed on 9 Rabi-Al- Awwal, Hijri 857 corresponds to Monday, 19 March 1453 CE. Conversion of Hijri date to Gregorian date verified with Islamic websites. There is a possibility of maximum 01 or 02 days difference.

(2) Mustafabad Jam-e-Masjid built during the ruling period of Ahmed Shah-II. As recorded in the History books his personal name was Jalal Khan. He was the eldest son of Muizz-ud-Din (Karim Khan also Known as Muhammad Shah-II. Ruled from 1443 CE to 1451 CE) and grandson of Sultan Ahmed Shah-I  (Ahmed Shah Badshah- Founder of Ahmedabad city as Capital. Ruled from 1411 CE-1442 CE). Qutb-Ud-Din Ahmed Shah II was ruling Sultan (King) from 1451 CE until his death on 25th May 1458 CE (Rajab 12, 862 Hijri) of Muzaffarid dynasty. Jalal Khan Qutb-Ud-din Ahmed Shah II, the eldest son of Muhammad Shah II, sit on the throne as a youth ruler only at the age of twenty in 1451 CE and ruled up to his death on 25th May 1458 CE. He was honored with titles of Qutb-Ud-Din and Qutub Abu’l Muzaffar- Father of victories. He married to the daughter of Shams Khan from Nagor. Qutb-Ud-Din Ahmed Shah II died on 25th May 1458 CE and buried in the royal mausoleum in the Manek Chock at Ahmadabad, by the side of his father and his Grandfather Ahmed Shah I. Mausoleum is a large square domed structure with a central hall and four square rooms at the corners joined by pillared verandahs. Windows of perforated stone-work allow light into the interior. In the center of the marble hall floor is the tomb of Sultan Ahmad Shah, on either side, are the tombs of his son Muhammad Shah II (1451), and his grandson Jalal Khan Qutu’d-din Ahmed Shah II (1458), all carved of white marble. Jalal khan was succeeded by popularly known Mahmud Begada within one month after his death. Mustafabad was under Muzaffarid dynasty. Muzaffarid dynasty was sultans of Gujarat, in western India from 1391 CE to 1583 CE, until the conquest of Gujarat by the Mughal Empire. The founder of the Muzaffarid dynasty was Zafar Khan Muzaffar also known as Muzaffar Shah-I. Zafar Khan was appointed as governor of Gujarat by Nasir-Ud-Din Muhammad bin Tughluq IV in 1391, the ruler of the principal state in north India at the time, the Delhi Sultanate. Zafar Khan defeated Farhat-ul-Mulk near Anhilwada Patan and made the city his capital. He declared himself independent in 1407. The next sultan, his grandson Ahmad Shah I founded the new capital Ahmedabad in 1411 on the banks of Sabarmati River, which he styled as Shahr-i-Mu’azzam (the great city).

Jam-e-Masjid with beautiful, tall and distinguished architectural minaret, its beautiful arches and having a bigger prayer area also proves that there must be enough Muslims in this village in 1453 CE so that the ruling authorities showed their interest to build this beautiful historical Jam-e-Masjid. Also, name Mustafabad itself give us the confidence to prove that the inhabitants of this village must be Muslims during the construction period of this masjid in 1453 CE.

History of Mustafabad Town in authentic records

Name of town as “Mustafabad” recorded in following authentic/Government Records.

(1) Based on research of Mr. Ganam (Shri Ganam was a Research Officer of Archaeological Survey of India) the following statement was recorded on page 17 & 18 of Epigraphia Indica.

“ Tankaria was at the date of the record officially called Mustafabad. The epigraph  provides one more instance of the present day customs of the renaming of town. The importance of epigraph for the local history of the town is obvious”

(2) Facts related to the new naming of Mustafabad also recorded in the records of Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India. Dr Z.A. Desai, Director of Epigraphy, stated the facts related to a new naming of places. As mentioned, he found at least 05 places that are known through epigraphs to have received new names during the pre- Mughal period. These are (a) Tankaria alias (alias – Named at another time) Mustafabad in Broach (Bharuch) district of Gujarat. (b) Diyadar alias Mahmudabad in Sabar Kantha District of Gujarat.    (c) Sanchor alias Muhammadabad in Jalor district of Rajasthan. (d) Malia alias Rasulabad in Rajkot district of Gujarat and (e) Khakharechi alias Ambiyabad in Rajkot district of Gujarat.

Reference: Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India, EPIGRAPHIA INDICA – ARABIC AND PERSIAN SUPPLEMENT- 1975, page 30.

(3) Studies in Indian place names, Volume 9, page 76.

(4) Islamic India studies in history, epigraphy, onomastic and numismatics. Page 57,   79 and 344.

Note : In the original epigraph/ inscription affixed to the wall of Jam-e-Masjid the name of the village was mentioned as Mustafabad only; Tankaria is not mentioned anywhere. It proves that name of the village was Mustafabad until 1453 CE. This Arabic epigraph/ inscription does not only provide the construction history of Jam-e-Masjid, but it also provides us the proof that the name of the village in 1453 CE was Mustafabad.

(Now it needs to find out in which year the name of the village changed from Mustafabad to Tankaria and by whom?  Hints: (1) As mentioned in the above reference books and Government records, including the Archaeological Survey of India, the name of our village in 1453 CE was Mustafabad (2) As per the statement of Dr Z.A. Desai, Director of Epigraphy working under Archaeological Survey of India, Mustafabad has received new names during the pre- Mughal period, means before 1583 CE. (3) In Heber’s Journal as mentioned below Reginald Heber stayed in Tankaria on April 09, 1825 CE, it means in 1825, CE the name of our village was Tankaria. Conclusion:  New naming of our village from Mustafabad to Tankaria must be after 1453 CE and most probably before 1583 CE).

History of Tankaria village as mentioned in the Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency. (Published in 1899 CE)

The Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Volume IX, Part II, Gujarat Population: Musalmans and Parsis published in July 1899 CE. This volume on the People of Gujarat includes two parts. Among two parts, the first part, “THE MUSALMANS” contributed by Khan Bahadur Fazlullah Lutfullah Faridi, Assistant collector of customs, Bombay. In this part, it is mentioned that Captain Ovans in one of the notebooks of the first Broach Survey given an account (Description of past events) which he had from  Vahora of Tankaria Village in 1818 CE. According to that description, some of the Marvaris prisoners of war were kept as slaves by a Hindu chief. They were freed in the year 1618 CE by Muslim Emperor Jahangir. To show their gratitude those Marvaris had become Muslim and in reward, those Marvaris were settled on the waste lands of Gujarat.

In connection with provided information by Muslim Vahoras of Tankaria and recorded description by Captain Ovans, it is understood that those newly converted Muslim Marvaris joined Muslim community villages of Gujarat having wasteland. In particular religiously established Muslim villages like Mustafabad Tankaria. (As per Oral Tradition land of village Mustafabad Tankaria also considered as waste land). Those converted Marvari Muslims settled on the wasteland of Gujarat in 1618 CE by the emperor Jahangir were not original Vahoras of any place. It is mentioned in the authentic records of Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India and other history books that Mustafabad Jam-e-Masjid built in the year 1453 CE by Ahmed Shah II of Muzaffarid dynasty. It is understood that even before 1453 CE majority people of Mustafabad was Muslims. So Ahmed Shah II showed his interest and built a very big and beautiful masjid. Jam-e-masjid having larger praying area and having two main entrance built in the center of the village keeping in mind the population of village and locations of their houses. It is understood that in 1618 CE those Marvari Muslims were intentionally settled by emperor Jahangir at Muslim populated villages of Gujarat. In particular, they were settled at religiously established villages like Mustafabad Tankaria having wasteland for the ease of their life as new Muslims.

Captain Ovans (This is the gentleman who met people of Tankaria in 1818 CE and recorded description which he had from Vahora of Tankaria village during his survey work) personal name was Charles Ovans. He was born in 1798 CE and died in 1858 CE. Both in the Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, published in 1899 CE, and in the Heber’s Journal, published in 1828 CE, name written as “Captain Ovans”. He was engaged in the first revenue survey of the Gujarat around 1818 CE to 1829 CE during the British rule in India. Captain Ovans seems to do is general to superintend the Land Survey Operations.

Some events related to History of Tankaria recorded in the “Reginald Heber’s Journal” (Published in 1828 CE).

Reginald Heber (Also known as Bishop Heber) was the Bishop of Calcutta. He traveled from Calcutta to Delhi and from Delhi to Bombay in 1825 CE. He was one of the famous traveler and was treated as a VIP by the British officers in India. During his visit, most District Collectors and other Government officers met him and were taking care of him. At some stages of his journey, he has an escort of more than 50 horses.

Reginald Heber has started his journey from Delhi in January 1825 CE, he reached his destination Bombay in April 1825 CE.

On his way to Bombay, he was in Baroda where he was the guest of Gaekwad (Guicowar) family for a few days. From Baroda, he travelled to Kheda (Kaira) (Kheda was large military station until 1830 CE). After visiting Kheda on his way to Bharuch Reginald Heber stayed in Tankaria on April 09, 1825 CE.  He reached Bharuch next day on April 10, 1825, CE. He reached Kim chokdi on April 12, 1825, CE. First Edition of the Journal published in 1828 CE, edited by Heber’s wife based on the travel notes and letters wrote to her by Reginald Heber. Cambridge University published the latest edition of this journal.

Also, another interesting thing noted related to Heber’s visit to Tankaria. As per the description given by Reginald Heber, Captain Ovans (This is the gentleman who met people of Tankaria as mentioned in the above-mentioned Gazetteer) and Williamson (Collector of Kheda District) met him and spent some time with Heber, on his way to Kheda. Captain Ovans gained lots of information related to the people of Gujarat during his survey work. It is mentioned that Ovans share his experience with Heber on his way to Kheda. Description related to Ovans, which is more than half page in the Heber’s Journal also give the impression that Heber was impressed by Ovans.  May be Heber was advised by Captain Ovans, so he visited Tankaria after his Kheda visit. It seems that Heber’s Journey was well planned and well organized. He visited most of the important places on his route. His visit to Tankaria gives the impression that Tankaria must be a Well-Known village in 1825 CE.

It is mentioned in the Journal that land in Tankaria and its surround villages were mainly cultivated with cotton. The road was not in good condition in 1825 CE. Heber also observed that the trees in this area were not so tall comparing to other areas.

The collector of Bharuch District sent 02 Vahora officers to guide and help Heber on his way to Bharuch. After reviewing Heber’s description, it is believed they should be Shia Vahora (Daudi or trading Vahora) and they should not be Vahora Patels (Landholders).

Some Historical Facts about Mustafabad Tankaria in the Government records

(1) Tankaria Central Urdu Primary Boarding School was the first Central Urdu Primary School with boarding facilities in the northern division of the Bombay Presidency.

It is recorded in the report of the “Director of Public Instruction” as below

“There were only a few Central Urdu Primary Boarding Schools for Muslims in the year 1917. Among these are the District Local Board and Municipal Urdu Primary School at Nasirabad in the central division and Central Urdu Primary (Boarding) School at Tankaria in the northern division of the Bombay Presidency”

(2)  Freedom Fighters of Tankaria Village: Mahatma Kabir, Musa Esa Captain, Adam Ismail Mustafabadi, Ibrahim Nayak, and Dr. Ali Ghodiwala were well-known Freedom Fighters of Tankaria Village

Following official record can be found on page 216 of the minutes of the seventeenth session held at the United Nations headquarter in Geneva from June 3rd to June 21st, 1930.

“Communication from Mr. Musa Esa Captain, Honorary Secretary of Anjamane Shaukatul Islam and Khilafat Committee Tankaria, India received by the Permanent Mandates Commission of United Nations on June 7th, 1930” and it was discussed at the meeting.

Musa Esa Captain was imprisoned in the Nagpur Central Jail for seven months. Gandhiji was also in the Nagpur Central jail.

(3) As per the British Government record, in the year 1856 CE, Engineers of The Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway (B.B. & C.I.) reached for survey work at Tankaria village for laying railway track of Bombay-Baroda railway line. B.B. & C.I. was a company incorporated in 1855 CE to undertake the task of constructing a railway line between Bombay and Vadodara. B.B. & C.I surveyors faced some issues at Tankaria village which was not resolved so engineers decided to reroute the railway track from Nandevar village. Laying work of railway track was completed in 1864 CE.

Part 02: Oral History. (Oral Tradition)

                     edited By: Nasir Ahmed Lotiya & Mustak Suleman Daula

We met 07 Tankarvis in the year 2007. Our narrators belong to all well-known 04 divisions/groups of families (04 Bhag as mentioned below) of our village Mustafabad Tankaria.

(Note: Among below mentioned 07 narrators, Ahmed Bhaloda, Musa Laheri and Abdullah Bhad passed away. May Allah grant them superior place in Jannatul Firdaush).

Of course, they have seen Tankaria closer than us, and they have more information about our history. The most common view of all our elders based on the chain of communications through generations is as below…..

“ Four big families of Dholka-Dhandhuka villages relocated to Tankaria.” No one knows before how many years. On the basis of those relocated 04 families and  locations of their houses in Mustafabad Tankaria, they were divided into 04 main divisions (04 Bhag). (1) Bhad (2) Bukhad (3) Vaja (Mota Vaja) and (4) Suleman Vaja (Broadly known as Sallu Vaja or Nana Vaja). On the basis of those 04 main divisions, Mustafad Tankaria was well known as “Village of four Brothers.” It is said mostly all Mustafabadi Tankarvis are generations of those 04 relocated groups of families from Dholka and Dhandhuka villages.

NOTE: Dholka and Dhandhuka both are in the Ahmedabad district of Gujarat, India. Dholka is 50 KM away from Nadiad in the direction of West. Dhandhuka is located nearly West side of Dholka. The distance between Dholka and Dhandhuka is 62 KM. Dholka and Dhandhuka were considered as twin towns (Having similarity).

Businessmen from Tankaria who visited Dhandhuka several times for business told us that still there are same names and surnames as we have in Tankaria.

Let us meet our elders belongs to all those 04 main divisions (04 groups of families- 04 Bhag)……

Suleman Vaja (Broadly known as Sallu Vaja or Nana Vaja).

Ahmed Adam Ismail Mohammed Bhaiji Bhaloda.

Date of birth: 04-01-1926.

He belongs to Suleman Vaja division. His elders were known as Abhram Mitha, later on, they were known as Bhaiji and now they are known as Bhaloda.

Below is a summary of what he said……………..

We belong to Sallu Vaja division. Mostly our elders like to use a word Sallu Vaja. Very few use Suleman Vaja. In our groups of the family starting from Kagrinatha Street, Bhaloda Street, Nagia Street, all Bhuta families, Isapbapu Banglawala, Delawala, Miyaji, Dhoriwala, Wadiwala, Dabger, Sattar and Bhaloda belong to Sallu Vaja. Some family members from Sallu Vaja relocated in Vatersa village. They were Chati, Joli, Bhaloda and Bhuta.

Recalling his past, he said before the independence of India, one English officer came to Tankaria, he wants to start one English Medium School, but all the people of Tankaria opposed his proposal. People of Tankaria were favouring Mahatma Gandhi’s Swadeshi movement. Finally, they started English Medium School in Hansot village. Some of our students were studying in Bharuch and some were in Baroda. Tankaria High School was started in 1952, in Safri building. There was no power supply at that time. We got the power supply in 1961-62. People were very poor during those times. We were working on farms. “I studied up to class 05 in the Urdu Medium School.” Our School was known as “Tankaria Urdu Central School.” Students from neighbor villages and even students from Vagra, Jambuser, and Ankleshwar were coming to Tankaria for the study. They were living in the “Central Boarding,” later on that building was known as “Santole.”

At that time, Gulam master Bapuji was our Primary School teacher. His father Isap Bapuji was a member of the District Local Board. He was living in Bharuch. Ibrahim master Rober Munshi, Gulam master Delawala, Musa master Delawala, Patel master, Mohammed master Ghodiwala, Bakor Munshi and one Munshi from Dayadara were working as teachers.

Recalling his memories he provides some information based on legends. He heard from his elders that Hazrat Hafez Kabir R.A., who was a great saint from Village Zangar, informed his followers that when I will leave this world, one saint will come from the West side. You will see him wearing a safety Jacket (Bakhtar). He will lead my funeral prayer (Namaz-e-janaja). That saint was Ashraf Shah R.A. who buried at Nana Padar at Tankaria.

He said that he heard from his elders that in 1856 CE, Engineers of British railway came and began surveying for the laying railway tracks at Tankaria. Railway tracks supposed to be laid at Mustafabad Tankaria near the Tomb (Dargah) of Songarshah R.A. ( The Back portion of the High School) and tomb (Dargah) of Pir Nashirshah R.A. (Between Tankaria and Kamboli). Engineers got many troubles in those particular areas. At last, some wise people of Tankaria provided advice that this Saint is not happy with the railway tracks to be laid near them. Then it was decided by British Engineers to reroute the railway tracks and took a big curve near the Nandevar Village.

About Golden Days.

He said, in our time thick clothing called Jota/ Khadi were used by poor peoples, and some rich people used to wear Patawala lengha (In his own words). The price of Khadi was 5 Paisa/ yard (vaar). We must have to wear Khadi because of Gandhi’s direction. When our clothing got a tear, we used to stitch it by using another small piece of cloth. It might be of different colour and quality. It was called “Thingdu.” In our early day’s women used to wear Saari, some wear Lugdu (His own wording). Recalling his memories, he said at that time cost of deshi Juwwar (Great millet) for 40 kg was 01 Rupee. Some poor people used to eat Red Juwwar. The price of wheat for 20 kg was 01 Rupee. The cost for one tin of cooking oil was 06 Rupees and very interesting price of gold for 10 grams were only 20 Rupees. It means the cost for 1 gram was 2 Rupees only. Mostly Bajri/Bajra (Pearl millet) used to come from Jambusar, Vagra, Padra and some interior coastal villages of Vagra and Jambusar.

In those days, poverty ratio was too high. Most of the villagers used to go to the farm for labour work (Majuri). When people go to farms to work, the owners of the farms collected the foods from worker’s home and at noon bring it to farms. We used to eat together. Some of the workers used to eat rotla (Flatbread thicker in size made from millet) with Onion, green chilly or jaggery. Some used to eat red chilli powder mixing with cooking oil and used to eat with rotla. When he was saying those words, his eyes became wet. He said “we were much happier compared to our present day life. We look after our neighbors very well, and we used to share our happy moments or time of sorrow with each other.”

At that time, there were shops owned by Umerji Asmal Khoda, Musebhai Bhim, Ahmed Ishap Ipli, Alli Ishap Ipli, and Ahmed Muse Dhabu. At that time dry coconuts, dry dates, jaggery were too cheap.

At that time, for marriage, we used bullock carts (Gadu) for Baraat (Jaan). Sometimes we used 20 to 25 carts. For women, there were separate carts. While raining season, we used to go by walking for the Baraat.

Mode of transportation.

Recalling his memory he said at that time we did not have any Buses or other vehicles if we have to go to Bharuch, Karjan or Mumbai, first we need to go to the Varediya railway station. Early in 1932-33, the only available transportation from Tankaria to Varediya was bullock carts. There were three small bullock carts (Known as Damania). The owners of the carts were (1) Fada dada (2) Muse Ahmed Bhuta and (3) Dadabhai Bajibhai Karkariya. The existing fare was one Anna per passenger. At that time, railway fare from Varediya to Bharuch was 7 Paisa. All local Trains have eight compartments. During that period, Railway operated by B.B. & C.I. Company. During the Second World War, in 1940-41 railway employees demanded to raise their salary and gave an ultimatum to the Government and inform the rulers that from the midnight we will stop all the trains on its way. At that time, British rulers ordered the military to shoot at sight.

After some period instead of bullock carts Horse carriages (Ghoda Gadi) were used as transportation. In the beginning, there were three horse carts. The owners were (1) Umerji Muse Abhram Daula (Grandfather of Mustak Daula) (2) Vali Muse Ghodiwala and (3) Adambhai Tilva. After two to three years there were associated 20 carts. Fare from Tankaria to Varediya was 2 Anna.

During 1933 to 1940 in the dry season, there were two buses owned by Joli Seth run between Tankaria to Bharuch. The bus route was Tankaria to Parkhet to Pariej to Tralsa to Kothi to Kasad to Umraj to Sherpura to Fanta Talao at Bharuch. The fare was 7 Anna. Joli Seth’s real name was Mohmedali Joli.

Now another division…… 


Haji Musa Yusuf Bagas Adam Laheri D.O.B. 12/11/1931.
Haji Gulam Adam Abhram Ise Khandu D.O.B. 9/4/1936.
Haji Ibrahim Valli Yusuf Kaduji previously was known as Rupiyawala. 

Above, three elders belong to Bukhad division.

According to them Miru, Laheri street (Old name was Gotli Maholla), Kaduji street (Known as Goder street at that time), Sapa street, Sutariya, Daula, Barkaliya, Babariya, Morli, Varu, Dashantwala, Natha, Nathalia including Ibrahimbhai Nathaliya, Vasta, Laundrywala, belong to Bukhad.

Recalling his past, Musa Yusuf Laheri said, “When Second World War started, at that time I was eight years old.” Dawood Munshi from Sarod was his Primary School teacher. On those days, Red Juwwar was brought by British officers from America. In 1946, there was a cholera epidemic spreads in Tankaria. Two children (1) Gulam Vali Abhram Manubarwala and (2) Son of Kara Ise Bhim were passed away due to cholera.

In 1948, there was a significant famine. At that time, most Tankarivis sold their brass vessels, goats, and buffaloes. At that time, so many villagers left Tankaria and relocated to the different areas in the Gujarat but mainly in Ahmedabad and Mumbai. Ahmed Adam Karbhari, Mohmed Umerji Dhabu relocated to Mumbai. Chhela brothers, Musebhai Morli, and Alibhai Morli relocated to Ahmedabad.

They said when they were children most of the boys up to 4-5 years of age were not using shoes or slippers. Old people used to have Turban (Paghadi) on the forehead and young generation at that time used to have Turkey Cap.

They said that during their childhood percentage of poverty in Tankaria was nearly 75. In the tone like they were conveying their message to the youngsters, they said: “we had dry rotla with a piece of onion, green chili, red chili or Jaggery as our food but we were too strong and hardworking grown up children.” During those times instead of shampoo, we used black earth clay (Matodu) for washing hair. Before starting the rainy season, we kept the stock of black earth clay at home for four months. According to them, in Mota Padar there was a big well and bullocks drew water with the leather bucket. Sanchawala Ishebhai was the operator, and he drew water from the well. In his own words “Kos chalavta hata.” The largest Tamarind Tree (Aambli) in Tankaria at that time was known as Hajjar’s Aambli.

Currency Units:

1 Paisa (Also known as Paise) = 3 Pies.

1 Anna = 4 Paisa = 12 Pies.

16 Anna = 64 Paisa = 192 Pies =1 Rupees.

1 Dhabu = 2 Paisa.2 Dhabu = 1 Anna.

In general 50 Paisa is referred to as 8 Anna and 25 Paisa as 4 Anna.

Now another division …….


Abdullah Adam Ise Bagas Isap Bhad.

Ali Ismail Ahmed Musa Bhama nowadays was known as Ali Kamthi.

Above elders belong to Bhad division. Below is a summary of what they have said.

All Lalans, Ipli, Handli, Khida, Voraji, Khandhia, Bhad, Halalat, Chhela, Rakhda, Seth, Dhabu, Gulam Patel, Dahelvi, Kadva, Chamad, Jatta, Chapti, Ganda, and all people of Suthar Street belong to Bhad.

Even at that time Bhad was the largest group of families and they have their own Graveyard (Kabrastan) known as “Bhadbhag Kabrastan” Till today it is known as Bhadbhag Kabrastan. Our elders told us that Bhad means Big, Motu.

There were five big families in Bhad (Sub division of Bhad) among that five, one family left Tankaria and stayed at Kamboli. Up to early 80’s if anyone died in Kamboli village belong to that group of Bhad, he or she buried in Bhad Bhag graveyard of Tankaria. In 1901, one member of Bhad who left Tankaria and stayed at Kamboli have donated well to Tankaria people. According to them, our village Panchayat started in 1940. Ishap Bapuji was the Sarpanch till India became independent. There were 13 members in the Panchayat.

Hashampir Kabrastan (Graveyard) laid in 12 Vingas (Actual word is Bigha. 1Bigha = 20 Bissa/ 1 Vinga na 20 Vassa.)

That time our surrounding village’s people from the west up to Samni village, East up to Haldarwa, North up to Makan, South up to Hingalla, were used to call wise community leaders of Tankaria village to resolve any matter of dispute among them.

Now another division ……..

Vaja (Mota Vaja).

Ibrahim Adam Musa Ismail Bapu Amanji Bhama nowadays Known as Lariya Circle.

He belongs to Vaja division (Broadly known as “Mota Vaja”). According to him, Malji, Tilu, Madhi, Dedka, All Lariya family, All Pipla Street, Abhli, Jet, Bhoja, Chavdi, Bha, Manman (Whole street), Jariwala, Dahya, All Ghodiwala family, Gordhan, Bacharwala, and Khoda belong to Vaja. He said that in our childhood we used to play Gilli Danda, Sawra, Kharpat, Khokho, Kabaddi and Cricket.

In 1952, under the leadership of Muse Kara Gordhan (Now he is in Pretoria-Africa), we made the Panj Maholla Committee (Committee for five streets) we bought big degs and all utensils to be utilised during marriage. (Deg is the most commonly used utensil to prepare community dinners in India).

He asked, do you know why we are known as Circle?

Then he replied himself “My father Adam Musa Ismail Lariya was working as Talati at Palej, then he got promoted and became a Circle Inspector for that reason my father was known as Lariya Circle. Adam Musa Lariya Circle actively involved for the construction of masjids in Sagbara and Zaghadia, and he played a significant role. He was also actively involved in the construction of Musafirkhana at Ankleshwar. He retired in 1969 and joined in Tankaria Masjid- Madrasa committee up to his death in 1987.

Part 03 : Tankaria and Tankarvis

edited By : Nasir Ahmed Lotiya

Famous personalities of Tankaria. 

Doctors: Dr Alibhai Ghodiwala, Dr Shukla Girjaprashad Shankar, Dr Mohammad I. Miyanji, Dr Yusuf M. Khoda, Dr Basir I. Manman, Dr Munaf Miyanji, Dr Salim Miyanji, Dr Lukman Hingallawala, Dr Siraj Khandhiya, Dr Sajid Banglawala, Dr Mariyam Manman, Dr Sameer Miyanji, Dr Imran Bachha, Dr Suhel Majid Ambherwala (Dentist), Dr Azaz Kidi, Dr Yusuf Chhela (Bharuch) and Dr Firoz Aiyub Miyanji (Paediatric Surgeon- Canada).(To be edited)

Poets:  Adam Tankarvi, Kadam Tankarvi, Mahek Tankarvi, Aziz Tankarvi, Zakir Tankarvi, Daud Khandhiya, Iqbal Ughradar, Suleman Mura Munshi, Anwar Bhim and Mubarak Adam Ghodiwala.

Politicians: Dr Ali Ghodiwala (Member, Bombay Legislative assembly and President of Bharuch District Muslim League), Isap Bapuji (Member, Bharuch District Local Board) Mohammed Musa Master (Member, Bharuch District Local Board), Yakub Popat Vakil/Lawyer (Member, Bharuch Taluka Panchayat), Gulam Umerji Ghodiwala (President, Bharuch Taluka Panchayat), Saeed Bapuji (Member, Bharuch District Panchayat), Makbul Abhli (Member, Bharuch District Panchayat) and Abdullah Ghodiwala/ Lalla. (Member, Bharuch Taluka Panchayat).

Note: Information related to Dr Ali Ghodiwala and Mohammed Musa Master taken from Patel Directory, Compiled by Ibrahim Dadabhai “Bekar’’.

Organisations/ Institutes: 

Gram Panchayat Tankaria

Compiled By: Nasir Lotiya

Village Panchayat leaders (Sarpanchs):

A Sarpanch is an elected head (In few cases selected head) of a village-level institution known as Gram Panchayat (Village governing Body/ Village Panchayat) in India. In general, new Sarpanch is elected after completion of every five years by all the people of the village. The Sarpanch, together with other elected members (Panchs), constitute the Gram Panchayat. The Sarpanch is the focal point of contact between government officers and the village community. Gram Panchayat is one of the oldest forms of Village governing body in India. Before there were only five members in Village Panchayat. Sar, meaning head and panch meaning five, gives the meaning head of the five decision makers of the gram panchayat of the village. Now the number of members depends on the population of Village.

1/4/1941 20/1/1949 Isap Bapuji Khalu
22/1/1949 04/3/1949 Isap Mahmad Sapa
5/3/1949 08/7/1952 Ismail Ali Chairman
9/7/1952 12/9/1956 Mahmad Musa Master
13/1/1956 12/10/1956 Isap Mahmad Sapa
13/10/1956 31/12/1956 Mahmad Musa Master
1/1/1957 16/6/1957 Isap Mahmad Sapa
17/6/1957 16/8/1957 Ismail Vali Abhli
17/8/1957 6/8/1958 Isap Mahmad Sapa
7/8/1958 15/10/1960 Ismail Vali Abhli
16/10/1960 7/1/1961 Yakubbhai Vahivatdar (Administrator)
8/1/1961 1/8/1961 Ismail Vali Abhli
2/8/1961 31/10/1965 Gulam Ahmed Patel
01/11/1965 8/10/1970 Ahmed Suleman Patel
9/10/1970 30/6/1971 Mahmad Ibrahim Ghogha
1/7/1971 15/7/1977 Suleman Haji Bhuta
16/7/1977 16/7/1984 Musa Isap Delawala
17/7/1984 11/10/1987 Ahmed Ismail Madhi
22/10/1987 26/11/1987 Musa Isap Delawala
27/11/1987 25/7/1988 Rustam Vali Lalan
26/7/1988 15/10/1988 Ismail Yusuf Sapa
16/10/1988 3/4/1989 Rustam Vali Lalan
4/4/1989 1/8/1989 Ismail Yusuf Sapa
2/8/1989 24/11/1991 Rustam Vali Lalan
25/11/1991 22/3/1992 Daud Bajibhai Bhuta
23/3/1992 30/11/1992 Rustam Vali Lalan
1/12/1992 30/11/1997 Daud Bajibhai Bhuta
1/12/1997 14/1/1998 G.R. Chavda (Administrator- Vahivatdar)
15/1/1998 20/10/2000 Mehbub Vali Larya
21/10/2000 14/1/2001 Gulam Ahmed Suleman Patel
15/1/2001 14/1/2003 Mehbub Vali Larya
15/1/1941 19/3/2003 M.S. Vankar
20/3/2003 26/5/2004 Ahmed M. Khoda
27/5/2004 17/6/2004 Siraj Ahmed Ghodiwala
18/6/2004 21/5/2005 Ahmed M. Khoda
22/5/2006 25/8/2005 Siraj Ahmed Ghodiwala
26/8/2005 4/7/2006 Ahmed M. Khoda
5/7/2006 30/10/2006 Abdulsamad Ibrahim Patel
31/10/2007 16/6/2007 Ahmed M. Khoda
17/6/2007 11/10/2007 Abdulsamad Ibrahim Patel
12/10/2007 7/12/2007 Ahmed M. Khoda
8/12/2007 18/3/2008 Abdulsamad Ibrahim Patel






Aarif Gulam Mohammed Patel (Arif Ibrahim)

Aarif Gulam Mohamed Patel

Aarif Gulam Mohamed Patel

25/8/2012 7/12/2012 Altaf Yusuf Robar (Bhima)
30/9/2009 16/1/2010 Gulam Musa Bhuta (Babu Master)





Till To Date

Iqbal Ali Kabir

Altaf Umarji Ganda

Iqbal Ali Kabir

Tankaria Primary School for Boys (Kumar Shala) 

The Tankaria Primary School for Boys (Kumar Shala)

Tankaria Primary School for Girls (Kanya Shala)

The Tankaria High School Tankaria. (Secondary and Higher Secondary School) 

The Tankaria High School Tankaria.(Secondary and Higher Secondary School) Photo Courtesy Mustak Daula

Tankaria Welfare Society, U.K.

Compiled By: Nasir Lotiya

Registered charity number: 290979

The Tankaria Welfare Society Uk’s method of operation:

  • Makes grants to organisations
  • Provides other finance
  • Makes grants to individuals

What services The Tankaria Welfare Society UK provides:

  • The advancement of health or saving of lives
  • Economic/community development/employment
  • The prevention or relief of poverty
  • General charitable purposes
  • Education/training
  • Disability

The Tankaria Welfare Society UK provides services to:

  • Elderly/old people
  • People with disabilities
  • Children/young people
  • The general public/mankind

Where The Tankaria Welfare Society Uk operates:

  • India

The Tankaria Welfare Society UK’s charitable objectives:

To relieve poverty and sickness and to preserve and protect the health and to advance education amongst the inhabitants of Tankaria, Tal & Dist broach, India. 

Mustafabad Youth Club- Tankaria

Mustafabad Industrial Training Institute- Tankaria (M.I.T.I)

Edited By: Nasir Lotiya

The Mustafabad Industrial Training Institute Tankaria (M.I.T.I) established in the year 1986. It was the first I.T.I. in the Bharuch Taluka. In 1986, there was no any nearby I.T.I not even in the Bharuch city.

I.T.I. Tankaria affiliated to National Council For Vocational Training (NCVT), New Delhi, Ministry of labour and Welfare, Government of India. M.I.T.I. is Government Granted I.T.I. managed under the Grant In Aid Code. Institute’s trained Technicians are working all around Gujarat. Some Technicians are working outside Gujarat and some are working abroad.

In the year, 2005-2007 Institute also trained employees of “National Thermal Power Corporation” (NTPC) in the Fitter trade. Some of the reputed I.T.I. Passed Technicians trained by this institute are Rafiq Dahya and Mohammed Mukerdam. Both successful Building contractors of our village trained by Tankaria I.T.I in the Draftsman Civil trade.

Many Institute Trainees are working with Gujarat Electricity Board (G.E.B). Our Electrician (Helper) Hanif Godar working with G.E.B. also trained by this Institute. So many Fitter trade’s Technicians trained by this institute are working in the reputed leading companies in Gujarat. Some of our I.T.I. Passed Technicians are also working in gulf countries.

I.T.I. Technicians who passed the final exam (All India Trade Test) and having N.C.V.T certificate (National Certificate) are eligible to work as a “Skilled Technician” in many countries. All India Trade Test (Final Exam after completing two years course) for all trades is conducted every year by The National Council for Vocational Training at the same time in all the states of India.

N.C.V.T. Certificates are also considered valid in many countries to apply for the Work Visa. I.T.I. passed Technicians with experience are mostly working in the Gulf Countries and other Countries with good salary. I.T.I. Passed Technicians those having a good experience and having IELTS certificate are also eligible to apply for the Immigration Visa on the point-based systems. (i.e. Canada, New Zealand etc.)

N.C.V.T Affiliated Trades and Batches

  1. Fitter Trade- 03 Batches
  2. Wireman Trade- 02 Batches
  3. Draftsman Civil Trade- 01 Batch
  4.  Cutting & Tailoring (For Girls)- 01 Batch

Note: Draftsman Civil Trade and Cutting & Tailoring Trade are now closed due to higher unemployment ratio in these trades.

Subjects for Fitter &  Wireman Trade

  1. Trade Theory
  2. Trade Practical (Workshop Training)
  3. Engineering Drawing
  4. Workshop Calculation &  Science
  5. Social Studies

Syllabus & Examinations:

There is a Common N.C.V.T. Syllabus for All India Trades.

Examinations: “All India Trade Test” Conducted every year in July by N.C.V.T. in all the states of India. An Internal trade test conducted at institute levels every four months.

Language for Examination Papers: English & Hindi

Fees for two-year Fitter &  Wireman Trade Course

In addition to the Government grant, General and OBC Category Trainees have to pay nominal fees of Rupees 2775/- for the two years Course. Which includes Exam fees, Library fees, etc. Under the Government Fee Waiver programme and policies, the trainees belong to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (SCs & STs) are even exempted from this nominal fee.

Short Duration Courses

  1. Computer for Beginners 2. Two Wheeler’s Repairing (Scooter/Motorbike)

Few Machines Used in Fitter Trade Workshop

Lathe Machine.

Lathe Machine for Fitter Trade Workshop.

Welding Machine

Welding Machine for Fitter Trade Workshop

Wireman Trade Workshop

Electric Motor Winding                                            Transformer Winding

Electric motor winding                   Transformer winding

Computer Lab

Computer Lab

The Tankaria Baitulmal Committee

Compiled By: Nasir Lotiya

The Tankaria Baitulmal Committee (Bait-ul-Maal) is working in Tankaria since May 1991. The Tankaria Baitulmal Committee is helping orphans, widows, divorced women and, poor people of Tankaria. M.D. Rakhda Saheb (Retired High School Teacher) is continually working and putting all his efforts in such a noble work. He is also getting supports from other committee members.

At present 58 needy orphans, widows and divorced women are getting groceries of  300 Rupees  + 200 Rupees cash = 500 Rupees help every month.

Another 72 needy are getting  groceries of  300 Rupees every month as a help.

Day by day prices of food items increasing in India. Life becomes tough, specifically for them, those are living below the poverty line. We all need to think seriously about it and we must contribute to this work. This is really the best and organised way to help needy of our community. This is really the great vision of Tankaria Baitulmal Committee. This is an example to be followed by our community.

If yet not contributed, please think about it seriously and please start contributing to this noble work. The Tankaria Baitulmal Committee is accepting Zakat, Sadkat, Khairat and, Lillah amounts. May Allah reward them those who are working hard with such a noble spirit. May Allah reward all contributors.

Founding Members :

Late Umar Faruq Musa Chamad. (Ex- Chairman)

Mr M.D. Rakhda

Mr Ibrahim Mohammad Manman

Mr Abdul Sattar Nagia

Mr Mohammad Umarji Rakhda -Tailor

Mr Abdulmajid Zangharia

Dr Yusuf Musa Khoda

Mr Sikandar Faruq Chamad (Chairman)

Below are the samples of “Food Rationing Coupons” which were given to those orphans, widows, divorced women and, needy on the monthly basis. In general Food Rationing Coupons are given within the first five days of each month. This Coupon can be exchanged for the food items (Groceries) at the designed shops in Tankaria.

The concept of “Food Rationing Coupons” was first introduced by caliph-Sayyidina-Umar-bin-al-Khattab (Al Faruq) Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu.

A sample of Grocery Coupon  given to needy every month.


Below is an Appeal from Tankaria Baitulmal Committee Published on our Village Websites.


Anjuma-e-Nusratul Muslimeen & Anjuman Hospital Tankaria

Compiled By: Iqbalbhai Talati Bhuta (Canada)

Anjuman Hospital is providing affordable medical care





4 A

Anjuman Hospital 1        Anjuman Hospital 2

Anjuman Hospital future Plan

Anjuman Hospital Future Plan

Anjuman Hospital Plan for Ground and First Floor

Anjuman Plan Ground & First Floor

Anjuman Hospital Plan for First and Second Floor.

Anjuman Hospital Plan for second and third floor

Mohaddise Azam Mission & Mohaddise Azam Mission High School- Tankaria

Mohaddise Azam Mission & Mohaddise Azam Mission High School TankariaThis is a featured page

I.N.Vidyalay- Tankaria

Religious Institutes

Tankaria Post Office

Bank of Baroda- Tankaria Branch

Bharuch District Cooperative Bank- Tankaria Branch

State Bank of India (SBI)- Tankaria Branch-13543





PH.:00912642 270000

Email: sbi.13543@sbi.co.in

IFSC- SBIN0013543


Branch Code- 13543

MICR- 392002505

Tankaria Photo Gallery

Compiled By : Nasir Lotiya

Arial View of Tankaria Historical Village – Photo Credit: Hanif Yakub Khoda

Arial View of Tankaria Historical Village - Photo Courtesy Hanif Khoda

Main Marketplace- Photo Credit: Mustak Daula

Main Marketplace- Photo Courtesy Mustak Daula

Main Marketplace- Photo Credit: Mustak DaulaMain Marketplace- Photo Courtesy Musta Daula

Tankaria  New Look at Night – Photo Credit: Mustak Daula

Tankaria at Night New Look Photo Courtesy Mustak Daula

Progressive Tankaria- Photo Credit: Iliyas Ghodiwala

Progressive Tankaria- Photo Courtesy Iliyas Ghodiwala

Progressive Tankaria- Photo Credit: Iliyas Ghodiwala

Progressive Tankaria 1- Photo Courtesy Iliyas Ghodiwala

Progressive Tankaria – Photo Credits: Iliyas Ghodiwala and Iqbal Chati

Progressive Tankaria 3- Photo Courtesy Iliyas Ghodiwala

Progressive Tankaria- Photo Credit: Sabbir Bhuta

Progressive Tankaria- Photo Courtesy Sabbir Bhuta

Progressive Tankaria- Photo Credit: Sabbir Bhuta

Progressive Tankaria 4- Photo Courtesy Sabbir Bhuta

Progressive Tankaria – Photo Credits: Iliyas Ghodiwala and Iqbal Chati

Progressive Tankaria 5- Photo Courtesy Iliyas Ghodiwala and Iqbal Chati

Progressive Tankaria – Photo Credits: Iliyas Ghodiwala and Iqbal Chati

Progressive Tankaria 6- Photo Courtesy Iliyas Ghodiwala and Iqbal Chati

Progressive Tankaria – Photo Credits: Iliyas Ghodiwala and Iqbal Chati

Progressive Tankaria- Photo Courtesy Iliyas Ghodiwala and Iqbal Chati

Government Hospital- Photo Credit: Mustak Daula

Government Hospital Photo Courtesy Mustak Daula

Dargah Jumman Shah R. A. Photo Credit: Mustak Daula

Dargah Jumman Shah R. A. Photo Coutesy Mustak Daula

Dargah Jummanshah R.A. Photo Credit: Mustak Daula

Dargah Jummanshah R.A. Photo Courtesy Mustak Daula

Part 04. Tankaria History (Another Perspective):

edited By : Shakil Abdullah Bha. 

For Part 04 -Please go to Home Page Click on History and then click on History of Tankaria (Another Perspective)


10 Comments on “History of Mustafabad Tankaria

  1. By coincident, I am looking to get some connection with my maternal grandfather, Adam Ebrahim Natha, of Mainline Fruit Suppliers (1920’s) family, as I am visiting India in Dec 2015,

  2. As salaam Mustak. Your mum should have a lot of knowledge of our Natha family. Also can you tell me who were our ancestors. Ask your mum. Also, what do they mean by “we belong to Bukhad”? Could you explain? Thank you.

  3. Can we have more history about the Kaghree Natha family. Ii am sure you have some knowledge, as it is your family too. Salaams, Abeda.

  4. Aslm! My grandfather is from Tankaria and his name, as per passport / British Subject, is Yusuf Bhabujee Patel, DOB 1881/2. He came to settle in Cape Town, South Africa. It would be much appreciated if I could come in contact with his family if possible. Jazakallahu Khayr.

  5. Hello, my late grandmother was from the family in Bharuch. One day, if Allah grant me, I would like to journey to the village to visit the family.
    They were from the Adams family, also connected to the Valli family.
    It would be awesome to meet up with the family who is still in the village.
    I do know that many have moved to the United Kingdom.

    Cape Town, South Africa.

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